Underlying Conditions

The government of the Central African Republic has undergone many illegitimate seizures of power, specifically of the presidency. These transfers of power are mostly the result of military coups. The government also hosts democratic elections, which represent the other transfers of power in the history of the country. Depending on the composition of government officials, the Central African government is inconsistently under arms embargos and/or economic sanctions from the United States, France, the United Nations, or the African Union. Several former Central African government officials have been tried and convicted in International Criminal Court and sentenced to exile.

Conflict Summary

Domestic Terrorism – The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation defines domestic terrorism as “violent, criminal acts committed by individuals and/or groups to further ideological goals stemming from domestic influences, such as those of a political, religious, social, racial, or environmental nature”.

Conflict Resolution Tools

Disarmament - The security within the Central African Republic would greatly benefit from disarmament practices. The disarmament of rebel groups in the area would greatly decrease their ability to commit acts of terrorism on civilians.

Cease-Fire Agreements - Much like the goals of disarmament practices, cease-fire agreements would significantly lower the number of deaths caused by the current conflict in the Central African Republic. Creating a cease-fire agreement would also encourage collaboration between rebel forces and the Central African government for the benefit of both parties.

Latest News

RSS Central African Republic – Local News

Parties Involved


Séléka is a coalition of rebel groups working to overthrow the government of the Central African Republic. The coalition is composed of the groups; the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity, the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP), the Patriotic Convention for the Salvation of Kodro, Union of Republican Forces, and the Alliance for the Rebirth and Rebuilding. It is said by analysts of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change that many of the members of Séléka are from the North of the country, where diamond artistry and trading was the most common occupation. When President Bozizé attempted to centralize the diamond market in the Central African Republic, many men working in this market took issue with the government and thus Séléka, began to form. The group has also attracted persons not native to the Central African Republic, mostly other Africans from neighboring countries with interests in the political endeavors of the country.

International Actors

There are a handful of international actors active in the Central African Republic. Among the most prevalent are the United Nations, the African Union, France, the European Union, and Russia. The United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in the Central African Republic, MINUSCA, was established in September 2007 and has provided peacekeeping and police personnel despite the deliberate target of international aid workers by rebel groups. The mission has helped increased security within the country. Russia and France have also been aiding in the security of the country by supplying military advisors and support, in the form of troops, to the CAR government and military forces. The European Union has imposed economic sanctions on the country’s government following coups by rebel forces and has since provided military missions and aid to the country on an and off since the early 2000s. The African Union provides diplomatic guidance in the form of observers in elections and by facilitating the negotiation of cease-fire agreements between the government and rebel forces. In addition to diplomatic assistance, the AU, in collaboration with the United Nations, also provides humanitarian aid to the country through food and the management of housing for displaced persons. Finally, international non-governmental organizations such as The Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA) and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) are also sent in observers to ensure fair and legitimate democratic elections within the country.

The UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) takes over responsibilities of the African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA) on 15 September 2014 which comprises up to 10,000 military personnel, including 240 military observers and 200 staff officers, as well as 1,800 police personnel.
UN Photo/Catianne Tijerina

Central African Republic

Jan 01

2014 – Present

Rebel groups, including Séléka and Union for Peace in the Central African Republic, have continuously attacked each other, other smaller rebel groups, civilians, political leaders, and international aid workers. Several early members of Séléka and other significant political leaders have been sentenced to trial in the International Criminal Court andContinue Reading


Mar 24

President François Bozizé Overthrown

Séléka officially overthrows President François Bozizé, receiving condemnations from the United Nations Security Council and the African Union.Continue Reading


Jan 01


Séléka launches a military attack on the government of President François Bozizé while also capturing more than 6 Central African towns, resulting in the displacement and death of civilians and government officials.Continue Reading


Jan 01

Hostility and Displacement.

Rebel groups, including the Union of Democratic Forces for Unity, attacked villages and towns throughout the country resulting in the displacement of almost 170,000 people between 2003 and 2006.Continue Reading


May 01

EU and U.S. Step-in

Denouncing the legitimacy of the coup, the European Union and the United States imposed economic sanctions and the African Union imposed diplomatic sanctions on the government, now ruled by General Francois BozizeContinue Reading

Mar 01

Military Coup 4

Rebel troops overthrew the government in the name of General Francois Bozize which resulted in the dissolving of the parliament and constitution.Continue Reading


Apr 18

Military Coup 3

Military coup against the government by rebel soldiers resulted in foreign intervention, including French military aid and a diplomatic council negotiating a cease-fire, composed of Burkina Faso, Chad, Gabon, and Mali. As a result of this conflict, about 70,000 people were displaced and about 1,000 were killed.Continue Reading


Sep 01

Military Coup 2

Successful military coup by the Military Committee for National Recovery, followed by a suspension of the constitution and limits on political activities.Continue Reading


Dec 31

Military Coup

Country’s first military coup and the abolishment of the constitutionContinue Reading


Jul 12


The Central African Republic gains independence from FranceContinue Reading

Comments are closed, but trackbacks and pingbacks are open.